The city of Kalka is well situated in the foothill of Shivalik Range in Haryana, the neighbouring state of Himachal Pradesh. The city has about 30,000 residents. He is well known for the railway linking the two cities, Kalka and Shimla, which passes through the highlands of the Himalayas. Although is still developing, the life in this city is quite good. The neighboring towns of Kalka were affected by rapid industrialization, but it didn’t affect on Kalka too. However, the number of visitors in Kalka is growing at a very fast pace. Most of the visitors in the city are usually accommodated in Hotels near Kalka Railway Station.
As we mentioned the Railway Station that connects the two cities Kalka and Shimla, we can tell a few words about its history.
History of Kalka – Shimla Railway Link
We begin the story of the city of Shimla which during the first Anglo – Gurkha war was settled by the British. Later Shimla became the capital of British India, and also the headquarters of the British Army in India.
Years later, back in 1891, it was built the first railway line between the towns of Kalka and Shimla. The cost of construction has increased by double, which was estimated at the beginning of the construction. The line was finally put into operation in 1903. Despite the successful construction, there were high capital costs and costs that were caused by not enough good working conditions. Therefore, people had to pay higher prices for the train tickets. The line passes through the village Solan (Shimla mini), named after the goddess Devi Shoolini. In her honor, every year in June held summer festival.
Kalka – Shimla Railway Station route
The route is moving from the foot of the Himalayas, through significant points such as Summerhill, Salogra, Dharampur, until Shimla at an altitude of 2076 meters. During the construction of the railway were built 107 tunnels, but only 102 of them remained in use, including the longest Barog tunnel, named after the engineer who started to built the tunnel but didn’t complete. In his place came the engineer Herlington who completed the construction of the same.
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